V.N KARAZIN KHARKIV NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University is one of the oldest universities in Eastern Europe. It was founded in November 1804, on the initiative of the prominent educator V.N. Karazin and in accordance with the charter of Tsar Alexander I.
The opening ceremony was held on January 29, 1805. The University made an important contribution to the Ukrainian national renaissance of the XIX-XXth centuries. It gave a powerful impetus to the emergence of Kharkiv as a major scientific and cultural center and an academic hub of Ukraine. Today the University justly rates among the best Ukrainian classical universities and is known in many countries.
The history of Kharkiv National University is part and parcel of the intellectual, cultural and spiritual history of Ukraine. The names of many world famous researchers, scholars and educators are associated with Kharkiv University, among them are P. Hulak-Artemovskyi, O. Lyapunov, M. Kostomarov, M. Barabashov, M. Beketov, D. Bahaliy, A. Krasnov, M. Ostrohradskyi, V. Steklov, O. Potebnya, O. Pohorelov and many others.
Kharkiv University is the only university in Ukraine that has trained and employed three Nobel Prize laureates: the biologist I. Mechnikov, the economist S. Kuznets, and the physicist L. Landau.
At different times titles of Kharkiv University Honorary Members and Doctors were conferred on outstanding scholars and public figures of many countries, including J.W. Goethe and A. Humboldt, I. Franko and L. Tolstoy, P. Semenov-Tyanshanskiy, and others.
The title of Honorary Doctor of Kharkiv University was conferred on the first President of Ukraine Mykhailo Hrushevskyi.
Kharkiv University is associated with the first Ukrainian newspapers and journals and the first scientific societies.
Since its foundation, the University has graduated over 130,000 students. The names of the University graduates are commemorated in geographical names, names of space objects, plants and minerals, laws and formulae. Almost 60 University graduates have become academicians and corresponding members of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (UNAS).
The activities of the University have developed Kharkiv into a major industrial, scientific and cultural center. Many
Kharkiv streets are named after professors, researches and alumni of the University.
The University has initiated the whole system of higher education of the Kharkiv Region. Its offspring are the National Academy of Law, the National Pharmaceutical Academy, Kharkiv Medical University, Kharkiv Pedagogical University, the Kharkiv Veterinary Academy, the Kharkiv Academy of Culture, Kharkiv Economic University and other institutions of higher education.
Today Kharkiv National University has 21 Schools: the School of Biology, the School of Physics and Technology, the School of Radio Physics, the School of Physics, the School of Computer Sciences, the School of Philosophy, the School of Mechanical Engineering, the School of Geology and Geography, the School of Economics, the School of Foreign Languages, the School of History, the School of Philology, the School of Fundamental Medicine, the School of Chemistry, the School of Sociology, the School of Psychology, the School of Law, the School of International Economic Relations and Tourism, the School of Further Education and Retraining, and the School of Physics and Energy. The latter was organized together with the UNAS Institute of Mechanical Engineering.
The total University enrollment, including the students of the Center for Training International Students and the Center for Presessional Education, amounts to about 12,000 undergraduate and graduate students and about 400 postgraduate students. The University employs up to 1,500 faculty and research staff, including more than 200 doctors of sciences, full professors, and almost 800 PhDs, associate professors.
Kharkiv National University offers 115 majors and minors, covering the whole scope of modern classical university education.
About 30% of the University's annual enrollment are school medal winners, another 10% are winners of the third and fourth rounds of Ukrainian school students academic competitions.
The University is one of the largest research centers in Ukraine. It covers virtually all spheres of modern fundamental research and incorporates the Research Institutes of Chemistry, Biology, and Astronomy, the Institute of Physics and Engineering, and the Institute of High Technologies.
The University's faculty include 21 academicians and corresponding members of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and specialized academies of Ukraine, and 50 winners of the State Award. The University has about 20 world famous scientific schools committed to intensive research, 5 Expert Examining Boards and 11 Senior Doctorate Expert Examining Board. The University's researchers annually publish 60 to 65 monographs, collections of research papers, over 2,000 articles and abstracts, and hold 20 to 25 international conferences.
The University is the leading research organization of international several space programs. Within the framework of international programs its researchers co-operate with scientists from the USA, Canada, Russia, Germany, Turkey, China, Japan, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Great Britain and other countries.
Since 1808 the University has had its own Astronomical Observatory which is one of the leading astronomical centers of Ukraine involved in fundamental and applied research in the Physics of the Sun, the planets, asteroids, comets and satellites.
The University's Botanical Garden was founded in 1804 and is the oldest botanical garden in Ukraine. It is a state preserve with a unique collection of plants representing various botanical and geographic zones of the world.
The University's Natural History Museum was founded in 1807 and is one of the oldest university museums in the world. Every year it opens its doors to 22,000 visitors. The total area of the Museum exhibition facilities is 2,000 square meters, and its 23 halls feature about 250,000 exhibits organized into the following sections: the Origin of Man, Darwinism, Zoology, and Geology. The University also has the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography of Slobidska Ukraine with about 150,000 exhibits.
The University's Central Scientific Library was founded on January 30, 1805. In 1987, the decree of the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine established it as an institution of special social importance. It numbers 3,500,000 units, including 50,000 unique editions (17 incunabula, over 1,000 manuscripts, 300 palaeotypes, and books by classical writers and scholars published in their lifetime).
In October 1999, according to the decree of the President of Ukraine, Kharkiv State University gained the status of a national university and was named in honor of its founder, V.N. Karazin.
In 2003, following the decree of the President of Ukraine, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University obtained the highest status of a self-governing (autonomous) state university.
V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University is involved in extensive international cooperation and is an active member of the international community of the leading European and world universities. It cooperates with 61 partners in 25 countries of the world.
Together with other major European universities, in 1988 Kharkiv National University signed the Great University Charter that initiated the Bologna Process.
The University is a co-founder of the Eurasian University Association and is a member the World and the European University Associations.
In November 2004 Kharkiv University celebrated 200 years since the day of signing the Foundation Charter, and in January 2005 it marked the 200th anniversary of its foundation.
President – Bakirov, Vil Savbanovych, DSc (Sociology), Full Professor, Honored Scholar in the Field of Science and Technology of Ukraine
First Vice – President, Aleksandrov, Volodymyr Viktorovych, PhD (Economics), Full Professor
Karazin University Student’s Life at a Glance: Creative Contest “Alma Mater”
Student years are the happiest and the most joyful period of a person's life. They are not only about hard intellectual work, but also about the joy of joint creativity, victories in contests and sports competitions. One of the most eagerly awaited events for those starting their student path is the annual first-year students' creative contest Alma Mater.
As is the tradition, this contest takes place on the initiative of the Student Academic Council, the Primary Trade Union Organization of undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral students, and the Cultural Center of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Each of these organizations helps organize and conduct the contest enabling the first-year students to create bright performances and get an taste of the extracurricular student’s life.
The Alma Mater takes place in the Assembly Hall of the University Main Building and lasts for a whole week. Each day is for a few Schools to presenting their programs consisting of various performances united by a common theme. The participants present their vocal and dance performances in different styles and genres, namely fragments from famous musicals, cover-versions of Ukrainian and foreign singers’ popular songs, ballet parties, tango, rock-and-roll, break-dance, etc. First-year students adore participating in these performances because they have an opportunity to show their talents, get to know their fellow students better and ensure their senior fellow students' support, the latter gladly helping the first-year students prepare for the event.
The jury selcts thebest performances that will be afterwards presented at the gala concert of the contest. The gala concert takes place under the aegis of the Primary Trade Union Organization of undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral students within the framework of the International Students’ Day celebration. All the contest participants receive memorable diplomas in a variety of nominations, namely: Best Costumes, Best Vocal Performance, Best Ball Performance, Artistry and Artistic Skills, Ingenuity and Originality, etc. The gala concert ends with the winners announced and awarded valuable prizes.
First-year students prove themselves very responsible throughout the whole preparation to and participation in the Alma Mater contest. They will convene every day for a month before the concert to hold rehearsals and discuss their performances. And with the holiday behind them, they feel satisfaction and are looking forward to future concerts and contests Karazin University has in store for them. The Alma Mater contest give the first-year students an incentive to take active part in the public life of both their own School and the entire University.
Kharkov city, Ukraine (Kharkiv)
The capital city of Kharkov oblast.
Kharkov (Kharkiv) is a city and administrative center of Kharkov region located in the northeastern part of Ukraine.
The city lies at the confluence of the rivers Udy, Lopan, and Kharkov. It is the second largest city in Ukraine after Kiev.
Population - 1,451,000 (2014).
The mayor : the mayor of the city is Gennadiy kernes.
Area code - +380 57; postal codes - 61000-61204.
Time : Ukraine is two hours ahead of Nigeria from march to October But from October the time will change and Ukraine will one hour ahead of Nigeria , that is from October to march
Weather in kharkiv city: there are four different types of weather conditions in kharkiv.
Winter: during winter the weather is very cold. The temperature can be -20 degree census. Winter start from November till February but the peak of winter is December. Students are advised to cover themselves with thick winter jacket , winter shoes , hand gloves , head warmer etc.
Spring: this is a raining weather that starts from mid February to April. During spring there is showers of rain and weather is cold but not as cold as winter.
Summer: start from May to July. During summer, the temperature is very high. The temperature can rise up to 35 degree census. The weather is hot during summer. Summer is the best weather for most students.
Autumn: during autumn there is a cold wind. This weather is very similar to Nigeria harmattan. But in autumn the wind is wet and cold while in harmattan the wind is dry. Autumn starts from august to October.
It was founded in 1656 as a military stronghold to protect Russia’s southern marshlands. The part of the old kremlin wall survived.
The center of a region of fertile soils, the town quickly developed important trade and handicraft manufactures and became a seat of the provincial government in 1732
Interesting facts about Kharkov
It is the largest city in the world on the 50th latitude, larger than Krakov, Prague, Meinz, Ust-Kamenogorsk. In October, 2010, the monument “The 50th Latitude” was opened in Shevchenko park, the latitude itself is inlaid on the sidewalk in the shape of a line.
Saltovka district is the largest inhabited district in Ukraine with the population over 400,000.
Barabashov market is the largest market in Ukraine, it occupies the territory of about 80 hectares. It is the largest market in the Eastern Europe and the 14th in the world.
Kharkov places of interest
The Historical Museum. Four halls of the museum display archaeological excavations of Bronze Age settlements, a set of ancient things from Donets settlement of the 11th-12th centuries, numismatic collections, ethnographic collection, collection of arms, flags, etc.
Tanks Mark V (English tank of the First World War) and T-34 (Soviet tank of the Second World War), and three guns can be found on an open area near the museum. Universitetskaya Street, 5. Opening hours: 10:00-17:00, day off - Monday.
The Pokrovsky Monastery. This monastery is the oldest building in Kharkov. In the 17th century, it was the part of a fortifications system of Kharkov fortress. The bell tower of the Intercession Cathedral (1689) has the form of a defensive tower.
On the territory, there are Ozeryanskaya Church (1896), the bishop’s house, the deanery and the house with cells and refectory. Universitetskaya Street, 8.
Kharkov architectural monuments
Gosprom. The complex of buildings of the House of State Industry was constructed on the initiative of Felix Dzerzhinsky.
Gosprom became the basis of the new administrative center of Kharkov (the capital of Ukraine at that time). It was thefirst high-rise concrete construction in the USSR (63 meters) built in the style of constructivism.
In 1955, one of the first Soviet television towers (45 meters) was installed on the roof. Today, the building houses regional government offices and offices of numerous firms. In the 5th entrance, you can find a museum of Gosprom. Svobody Square, 5.
The Memorial of Glory. The largest in the city memorial complex was opened on the northern outskirts of Kharkov in 1977 in honor of the local residents who died during the Second World War. Belgorod Highway.
Liberty Square. It is the central square in the city, one of the largest squares in the world. At the time of construction, it was the largest square in Europe (12 hectares). The square was built in 1926-1928 as the new administrative center of Kharkov. Various festivals, concerts and fairs are being held here.
Parks and gardens of Kharkov
Pokrovsky public garden. This terraced garden is located close to Universitetskaya Street. On the upper terrace, you can admire the beautiful panorama of Zalopanskaya part of the city, Proletarian Square and Annunciation Cathedral. The monument to G. Skovoroda can be found there.
The territory of the former Kharkov fortress is located close to the monument. The garden was reconstructed in 2009. Orthodox cross is installed at the top of the fountain; the water in the fountain is consecrated. Soborny Spusk Street.
The zoo was founded in 1896, when an exhibition of domestic animals and birds was opened on the territory of the university garden. In 1906, the construction of an aquarium was completed.
In 1911, the South-Russian Society of Acclimatization decided to open a zoo in Kharkov, which was the third in the Russian Empire. During the Civil War, the zoo was ruined.
Kharkov National University named after V. Karazin was founded in 1805. It is one of the oldest and largest universities in Eastern Europe.
The initiator of the university was an outstanding scientist and educator V. Karazin. Originally, it was housed in the Governor General’s house, and, later, it was moved to new buildings on the Liberty Square.
The Central Synagogue. This synagogue built in neo-gothic style with elements of Moorish style was opened in 1913. It is the largest synagogue in Ukraine. From 1923 to 1990, the synagogue was closed. Today, it belongs to Hasidim. Pushkin Street, 12.
There is a number of different hotels and mini-hotels in the city. According to some reviews of the visitors, the following hotels offer quite good level of service.
Hotel “Kharkiv Palace”. The hotel is located in the center of the city, next to the complex of the Gosprom. This modern 11-storey hotel was built for the Euro-2012 championship. There is a SPA-center with a sauna and swimming pool. The hotel also has an underground parking for 54 cars.
180 rooms with individually controlled air conditioning, satellite/interactive TV, Wi-Fi.
“Sky Lounge” restaurant with panoramic views of Svobody Square is located on the eleventh floor. “Pacific Rim” restaurant offering exotic cuisine can be found on the second floor. Viennese cafe “Amadeus” and a lobby bar - on the ground floor. Pravdy Prospect, 2. Phones: +380 57 766 44 45