GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT UKRAINE AND THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN UKRAINE
Ukraine is an Eastern European country. Its relatively big territory grants it the first place in Europe in size. Ukraine has borders with 7 countries. It is washed by 2 seas and contains two big rivers: Dnipro and Dnister. Ukraine’s variety of landscapes is rich: the Carpathians and the Crimean Mountains are combined with wide and beautiful fields, steppes and forests.
Recent researches show that the first people came here at least 44 thousand years ago. During the Medieval times, the territory of Ukraine became a container for a powerful Eastern Slavic culture and its main state – Kievan Rus’. After its coming apart during the 13th century various parts of the modern Ukrainian territory fell under the rule of Poland, Lithuania, Osman Empire, Russia, and Austro-Hungarian Empire. The unique state inhabited by Cossacks and called The Hetmanate lasted for 2 centuries (17th and 18th). The territories got a chance to unite only in the 20th century under the rule of the Soviet Union. The official independence was gained only in 1991. Famous fertile soils of Ukraine allowed it to become a big provider of grains for whole Europe. In 2011, Ukraine took third place as the biggest grain and wheat exporter of the world. It is one of the best countries for various agricultural purposes and projects. The industry is highly developed as well, making Ukraine a leader in the industrial equipment and aerospace construction spheres.
The Republic of Ukraine has got three separate and independent branches of power. The main powers are controlled by the President, the Parliament, and the Highest Court.
Kyiv enters a number of the first European cities (founded in 482). It surrounds the low
and the high banks of Dnipro. Along with the cultural and state importance, it is a significant educational center, containing the Academy of Science and various research and educational institutes. It is rich both for entertainment and cultural events, including exhibitions, festivals, museums, etc. Zaporizhya is considered to be a historical center of Ukraine. It is situated on the Dnipro River as well but located toward the southwest of Ukraine. It is famous for the central island called Khortytsa, a former location of Zaporizhyan Sich.
After the Soviet Union ceased to exist, Ukraine still possesses the second biggest army in Europe. The population counts up to 45 million people. Ukraine became a Homeland for various folks. The biggest one is Ukrainians (about 78%), the second one is Russians (17%). Romanians, Belarusians, Hungarians, Poles, Tatars, Armenians, Greeks and other folks from the whole Europe and world live here.
The biggest and the most significant cities in Ukraine are:
Kyiv (2,8 million of people)Kharkiv (1,5 million of people)Dnipro (1,2 million of people)Odessa (1,2 million of people)Donetsk (1,1 million of people)Lviv (0,8 million of people)Zaporizhzhia (0,7 million of people).
Ukrainian is the official language of Ukraine; its alphabet is Cyrillic. Russian is also widely spoken. The dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has strongly influenced Ukrainian architecture, literature and music.
Ukraine has entered a number of the countries which signed the convention of the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in Lisbon. The highest standards of education are ensured by the membership in the Bologna Process.
Ukraine is considered to be the best country of Eastern and Central Europe for getting a higher education. Citizens of more than 144 countries study here.
Cost Of Living:
One-way Ticket (Local Transport) $0.17 Monthly Pass (Regular Price) $8.69 Taxi Start Fee (Normal Tariff) $1.34
Utilities (Monthly) 1 min. of Prepaid Mobile Tariff Local $0.03 Internet (10 Mbps, Unlimited Data) $3.52
Sports And Leisure Fitness Club (Monthly Fee) $15.58 Tennis Court Rental (1 Hour) $7.86 Cinema (1 Seat) $3.05
Restaurants Meal, Inexpensive, Restaurant $4.26 Meal for 2 People, Mid-range Rest $16.75 McMeal at McDonalds $2.51 Water (0.33 liter) $0.30 Cappuccino (regular) $0.82
Markets Regular milk, (1 liter) $0.56 Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g) $0.32 Eggs (12) $1.01 Local Cheese (1kg) $4.15 Beef (1kg) $3.77 Apples (1kg) $0.78 Bananas (1kg) $1.2 Tomatoes (1kg) $1.29 Water (1.5 liter bottle) $0.42 Rice (white) (1kg) $0.99
Rent Per Month Apartment (1 bedroom) in the City Centre $288.15 Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of the City Centre $173.17 Apartment (3 bedrooms) in the City Centre $561.64 Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of the City Centre $329.73
There are two regulatory laws called “On Education” and “On Higher Education” that regulate the educational process in Ukraine. They imply:
preschool education;general secondary education;out-of-school education;vocational technical education;higher education;postgraduate education;doctoral studies;self-education.
The higher educational system of Ukraine is arranged corresponding to the same systems of other developed countries of the world. It falls under the supervision of various international organizations, including UNESCO and the United Nations.
It is completed on the basis of a full secondary education. The terms vary from three to four years, as a rule. All graduates in case of successfully passing qualifying tests are granted with a Bachelor’s Degree. It allows applying for higher degrees (Specialist’s, Master’s) and performing professional activities implied by the occupation.
A Master’s degree can be got with having a relevant Bachelor’s degree. The terms of preparation are one or two years. State qualifications are a must for all graduates. After the successful passing of the tests, graduates are granted with a Master’s degree, which allows performing professional activities and applying for postgraduate studying.
Education of foreign citizens is regulated by the following legislation:
The Law of Ukraine “On Higher Education” from 01.07.2014 No. 1556-VII;“The procedure for organizing recruitment and training (internships) for foreigners and stateless persons” approved by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 1541 from 01.11.2013.
Coordination of the admission of foreign citizens for study in higher educational institutions of Ukraine is carried out by the Ukrainian State Center for International Education under the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.
HIGHER EDUCATION FOR FOREIGN CITIZENS
Establishments that provide a higher education in Ukraine offer services in Ukrainian, Russian, English and French languages. The process itself implies these steps:
Step 1: 1 year of pre-university training is required for foreign citizens who chose to study in the Ukrainian or Russian languages.Step 2: 4 years for gaining a Bachelor’s degree.Step 3: 1-2 years for gaining a Master’s degree.Step 4: Various kinds of postgraduate training.